Alternative sources of energy.
Energy self-sufficiency is one of Biocom’s differentials.
The industrial unit operates through an industrial operations center (IOC), under automated systems with controls and cameras that observe all steps of the operation in real-time, improving industrial performance and efficiency.
Main technology employed in the industry
- System of co-generation of energy in condensation which, apart from the industrial process, allows energy to be generated even between harvests;
- A compact model of a sugar factory, optimising equipment and layout;
- Two high-pressure 67 kgf/cm2, 520ºC boilers and a production ceiling of 150 tons of steam/ hour, each;
- A system of extracting the sugarcane juice through a separator, that uses a leaching process;
- The manufacturing process of anhydrous ethanol uses a system of Methyl Ethylene Glycol (MEG); and
- An ethanol storage system with two 10,000 m³ tanks.
The basic process for the manufacture of sugar, ethanol fuel and the reduction of energy are:
- Extraction - this consists of separating the juice and fibres of the sugarcane, through a separator and mill to guarantee that all the sucrose has been extracted;
- Treatment of the juice - removal of mineral and vegetable impurities, followed by filtering which creates a clear liquid;
- Evaporation and Heating - in this process the heat is increased to sterilise the juice, evaporating water and concentrating the remainder into a syrup;
- Producing sugar - uses the syrup from the warming and concentration of the sucrose, forming sugar crystals;
- Fermentation - this uses honey as a raw material, a side product of sugar production, in which yeast is added to transform the sucrose into wine;
- Production of Ethanol fuel - the wine originating from the fermentation and distillation process is concentrated;
- Utilities - these are the steps for the treatment of water, waste and the boilers used in the production of steam in the industrial process; and
- Production of Electrical Energy - the steam generated in the boilers at high-pressure feeds the turbines transforming this thermal into mechanical energy which the generators convert into electrical energy.